|AL-01: Jo Bonner (R-Mobile) R+14
New: 65.9% W, 27.5% B Old: 65.9% W, 27.5% B
The Gulf Coast district, centered on Mobile, sees as little change as any district in the country. It drops a grand total of 5 precincts in Clarke County to meet the population requirements, leaving the racial and partisan numbers identical.
AL-02: Martha Roby (R-Montgomery) R+17
New: 64.1% W, 29.3% B Old: 63.4% W, 30.5% B
Roby's district retains the Wiregrass but sheds the westernmost part of Montgomery and majority-black Lowndes County, which supported Obama 3-to-1. In return, she adds the southern suburbs of Montgomery from the 3rd district. The new 2nd has about 5,000 fewer African-Americans than the old 2nd, meaning Bobby Bright probably never would have beaten Jay Love in 2008 under this configuration. The 34-year-old Roby could be in Congress for a long time.
AL-03: Mike Rogers (R-Saks) R+14 (est.)
New: 69.2% W, 25.3% B. Old: 62.3% W, 31.9% B
Rogers (not to be confused with the Intelligence Chairman from MI-08) is the biggest winner under this plan. The 3rd was previously home to most of Montgomery, including many majority-black wards, but now contains only the northeastern part of the county. It has added exurban R+35 St. Clair County in the northwest. These changes reduce the black percentage by nearly 7%, keeping Rogers safe from running any semi-competitive races like the one he had in 2008 again.
AL-04: Robert Aderholt (R-Haleyville) R+25 (est.)
New: 84.7% W. Old: 86.4% W.
This was Obama's second worst district in the country in 2008 (only TX-13 was worse), and the legislature decided to unpack it somewhat to make the neighboring 5th safer. By this, we mean that they replaced some of the 75% McCain areas with 60% McCain areas. Notice that ancestrally Democratic Colbert and Lawrence Counties, in the northwestern part of the state, have moved into the 4th, while Aderholt has surrendered R+25 Morgan County to the 5th.
For those of you who are fans of "liberating" Republican areas, this district came about 100 yards away from rescuing Bryant-Denney Stadium from Terri Sewell. What a travesty.
AL-05: Mo Brooks (R-Huntsville) R+17
New: 74.1% W, 16.8% B Old: 73.4% W, 17.6% B
Hard to believe this district was still waiting for its first Republican representative since Reconstruction just 18 months ago. Brooks is protected from another Parker Griffith-type Democrat by the northwest-for-Morgan exchange described above. This Huntsville-based seat is now quite compact, hugging the Tennessee border.
AL-06: Spencer Bachus (R-Vestavia Hills) R+29
New: 78.5% W, 13.7% B, 4.9% H Old: 79.1%W, 13.7%B, 4.2% H
The monstrous 6th, based in suburban Birmingham, now has more of a north-south than east-west dynamic, but remains in the running for the title of Most Republican in America. Its white population has fallen slightly, but the growth is Hispanic and not black. The exchange of Tuscaloosa for Coosa is probably a wash, while the exchange of R+35 St. Clair for R+39 Blount makes up for the addition of Hispanic neighborhoods in Birmingham. The Financial Services chairman is well.....beyond safe.
AL-07: Terri Sewell (D-Birmingham) D+19
New: 63.0% B (60% VAP.) Old: 62.3% B (59.2% VAP)
The dual-function VRA seat and vote sink that is the 7th was very underpopulated, and had to pick up population in both the rural western part of the state and, more importantly, in Montgomery. Sewell's addition of the western part of the city, groud zero during the Civil Rights Era, helps both Rogers and Roby while also giving representation to the black community in that part of the state.